mahatma gandhi

Dünya tarihi, isimleri yüzyıllarca unutulmayan birçok ulusal direniş liderine tanıklık etmiştir. Mahatma Gandi adı dünyada neredeyse hemen herkesin bildiği, emperyalizme direnen ilk akla gelen direniş liderlerinden biridir. Gandi’nin emperyalizme karşı zaferle sonuçlanan eşsiz direnişinden etkilenmemek elde değil.”Bir Siyasi Lider Olarak Gandhi” yi tanımak ister misiniz?1869’da Porbandar’da Vaşiya Kastı’ndan bir ailenin oğlu olarak doğan Mohondas Karamçand Mahatma Gandi, 30 Ocak 1948’de, Yeni Delhi’de bulunan Birla Bhavan ‘ın (Birla Evi) bahçesinde gece yürüyüşünü yaparken vuruldu ve öldü. Suikastçı Nathuram Godse Hindu bir radikaldi ve Pakistan’a ödeme yaptırılmasında ısrar ederek Gandi’nin Hindistan’ı zayıflattığını savunan aşırı uç görüşteki Hindu Mahasabha ile bağlantısı vardı. (1)

 Bir Siyasi Lider Olarak Mahatma Gandi

Devlet adamı olmak istemesi atalarından gelmeydi.. Dedesi Porbandar’daki başbakanlık görevinde bulunmuştu.Dedesi gibi bir amcası ve babası da birbirlerinden sonra başbakanlık görevinde bulunmuşlardı. Soydan gelen bir yönetme isteği, yönetebilme kabiliyeti vardı. Gandhi, bağımsızlık mücadelesi vermiş bir lider. ”Oldum olası hakikatin peşinde koşmayı, tanrıya varmayı hayal ederdim.”diyor. Ona göre hakikat peşinde koşan insan, bir toz zerresinden daha alçak gönüllü olmalıdır. ”Bu uğurda en aziz bildiğim ne varsa hepsini feda etmeye hazırım” diyerek hakikatin peşinde koşmayı kendisine gaye edinmiştir Gandhi. Babasının, servet toplamak gibi bir niyetinin olmadığından ve kendilerine de pek fazla mal mülk bırakmadığından bahseder.Babası için ”Öğrenim görmemesine rağmen edindiği tecrübelerle yeri gelince öfkeli biri olur devleti yönetir, yeri gelince de şefkatli bir baba olurdu” der. Gandhi, annesinin dindarlığına hayran kalmıştır. ‘’Günlük ibadetlerini yapmadan ağzından bir lokma geçmediği gibi, art arda iki üç gün oruç tutmak onun için sıradan bir şeydi.’’der.

mahatma ghandi

“Şiddet göstermeme, inancımın birinci maddesidir. Aynı zamanda o, benim itikatımın da son maddesidir.” diyen Hintli pasifist siyasetçi ve düşünce adamı Gandhi, İngiliz sömürgeciliğine karşı Hint milli hareketinin, 1919-1948 yılları arasındaki en önemli lideriydi. 1888-91 yılları arasında Londra’da hukuk öğrenimi gördükten sonra, iki yıl Bombay ve Rackot Kentlerinde avukatlık yaptı. 1893-1914 yılları arasında Güney Afrika’da da avukat olarak çalıştı. Burada ırkçı Apartheid rejiminin ırk ayrımı politikalarına maruz kalan Hintli göçmen işçilerin haklarının savunucusu durumuna yükseldi.

Mahatma Gandi ölmeye hazırdı; işte bu en güçlü silahtı. Tüm hayatı boyunca,genç bir atletin azmi ile savaştı. İronik olarak, ulusal çapta pasif direnişi kutlayan ve onu uygulayan adam kahramanca bir tavır takınıp savaşın ortasında olmaktan başka hiçbir şeyin zevkini
çıkarmadı. ”Fırtınaları severim ” demişti bir keresinde ve şimşek çakmadan , gök
gürültüsünün kulaklarında gürlediğini görmeden kendini hiçbir zaman rahat
hissetmedi. Derinden etkileyici tarihe sahip insanların çoğu tek bir yolu takip
etmişlerdir. Takip ettikleri yolda birçok amaca hizmet etmişlerdir.Ghandi’nin amaçları çeşitliydi. Ana amacı tanrı ile yüz yüze gelmekti, cenneti fırtınadan kurtarabilirdi. Toplumsal amacı Hindistan’daki İngiliz Yönetimi olan Raj’ı devirmek, ve Hindistan’a bağımsızlık ve özgürlük getirmek, aynı zamanda Hindistan halkının değişimini sağlamakla bu özgürlük ve bağımsızlığı daha zengin kılmaktı.

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