kıbrıs barış harekatı

Kıbrıs Barış Harekatı sinyalleri, ani bir haberle baş gösteridi. Atina’daki cunta, bir darbeyle Makarios’u devirmiş bunun üzerine Türk aleyhtarlığı ile bilinen Samson’u onun koltuğuna oturtmuştu.Bütün bu olanların anlamı: Kıbrıs’ın Yunanistan’a ilhakı yani enosisti. Artık Kıbrıs’ı ve Türk toplumunu kaybetme gerçeği ile yüzleşmiştik. Bu darbe mutlaka durdurulmalıydı.Karar gece vakitlerinde alındı.Başbakan Bülent Ecevit karar alınan geceyi şöyle anlatıyor: ”Başbakanlık’ta, rahmetli Cumhurbaşkanı Korutürk’ün başkanlığında bir Milli Güvenlik Kurulu Toplantısı yaptık. Milli Güvenlik toplantısında bizim bir askeri müdahale yapmamızın uygun olacağı kararına varıldı.’’

 

kıbrıs barış harekatı

Harekat Başlıyor..

Fakat akıllarda, 50 yıl boyunca hiç sınır ötesi bir savaşa girmemiş olan bir ordunun başarılı olup olamayacağı konusunda şüpheler dolaşıyordu. Ayrıca Kıbrıs Barış Harekatı, Türk ve Yunan savaşı başlatabilirdi. Bütün bu karanlık yola rağmen Türkiye, 20 Temmuz 1974 yılının sabahında Kıbrıs’a iniş yaptı.Sınır, Türk paraşütçüleri ile doldu. Bu sırada Ecevit, bulunduğu basın açıklamasında şöyle diyordu: ”İnsanla barışa büyük hizmette bulunacağız. Öyle umarım ki kuvvetlerimize ateş açılmaz ve kanlı bir çatışmaya yol açılmaz. Biz aslında savaş için değil barış için ve yalnızca Türklere değil Rumlara’da barış getirmek için adaya gidiyoruz.’’

Bu arada Türk askerleri Kıbrıs toprağına inişlerini tamamlamak üzereydiler. Yabancı askerler, Türk askerlerini takip ediyor; ”altıyı beş geçe, altıyı dört geçe ilk Türk askerleri Kıbrıs toprağına indi. Savaş uçaklarının eşliğinde ilk paraşütçüler şu anda yaklaşıyor. İşte şurada’’ diyerek konum belirtiyorlardı. İnişlerini başarıyla tamamlayan Türk askerleri harekatın ilk günü talihsiz bir durum ile karşı karşıya kaldılar. Hava kararmaya başlamış ayrıca silah ve cephane de kısıtlıydı. Türk askerleri büyük bir tehlikenin eşiğinden dönmüştü. Zor şartları atlatan Türk askerleri, Kıbrıs Barış Harekatı sayesinde Kıbrıs’ın ana kalbine giden yolu açmıştı.

kıbrıs barış harekatı

Ayşe Tatile Çıksın!

Fakat  Türk toplumunun yüzde altmışı hala Rumların elinde kalmıştı. Türkiye siyasi bir çözüm istiyordu. Bu anlayışla Cenevre’ye gidildi. Birinci Cenevre Konferansı’nda nihayet Türk toplumunun varlığı, diğerleri tarafından kabul edildi. Bir hafta sonra da ikinci Cenevre toplantısı başladı. Toplantıya Türk ve Rum liderler de katıldı. Siyasi bir çözüme varılmaya çalışılıyordu. Oysa adada durum giderek zorlaşıyordu.Türk ordusu ve yüzlerce Türk Köyü’nün etrafı silahlı Rumlar tarafından sarılmıştı.

Ya bir anlaşmaya varılmalıydı ya da Türk ordusu Harekatı’nı tamamlamalıydı. Cenevre’deki siyasi çözüm umutları son buldu. O sırada Dışişleri Bakanı Turan Güneş, Ankara’daki kilit bir numarayı aradı.Bülent Ecevit’e  söyleyeceği parola, bu sürecin kaderini belirleyecekti. Turan Güneş, Ecevit’e ”Ayşe tatile çıksın’’ dedi. Ayşe Turan Güneş’in kızıydı. Aynı zamanda da ikinci Harekat’ın parolası. İkinci Harekat’ın sonunda Türkiye adanın %35′ lik bölümünü ele geçirdi. 20 yıldır merhem bekleyen bu yara, Türk askerlerinin bu büyük mücadelesi ile iyileşmiş oldu.

 

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