istanbul sözleşmesi

Kadınlara Yönelik Şiddet ve Aile İçi Şiddetin Önlenmesi ve Bunlarla Mücadeleye İlişkin Avrupa Konseyi Sözleşmesi, 11 Mayıs 2011’de İstanbul’da imzaya açıldığı için İstanbul Sözleşmesi adıyla bilinir. 1 Ağustos 2014’de Türkiye’de ve 11 Avrupa ülkesinde yürürlüğe girdi.

İstanbul Sözleşmesi’nin Amacı Nedir?

Kadınlara yönelik şiddet ile birlikte ev içi şiddeti de önlemeyi ve bunlarla mücadele etmeyi hedefleyen bir sözleşmedir. Aynı zamanda bu sözleşme böylesi büyük bir sorunu en kapsamlı şekilde ele alan bir uluslararası anlaşmadır. Şiddetin her türüne, sıfır taviz ile yaklaşmayı benimseme ve benimsetme hedefinde olan İstanbul Sözleşmesi, Avrupa ile onun sınırlarını da aşan geniş bir alanda daha güvenli yaşanabilmesini sağlama yolunda önemli bir adımdır.

İSTANBUL SÖZLEŞMESİ’NİN TÜM MADDELERİ İÇİN TIKLAYIN

istanbul sözleşmesi

 

Sözleşmenin Talepleri Nelerdir?

Sözleşmenin Önleme Hususundaki Talepleri: Kadınlara yönelik şiddetin kabullenilmesine neden olan tutumların, toplumsal cinsiyet rollerinin ve klişelerin değiştirilmesi. Aynı zamanda, mağdurlar üzerinde çalışan profesyonel kadroların eğitilmesi, farklı şiddet türleri ve bunların travma yaratıcı özellikleri hakkında bilinçlendirme çalışmaları yapılması. Bunlara ek olarak, eğitimin her kademesinde, eşitliği ele alan konuların ders müfredatına dahil edilmesi, halka ulaşabilmek için Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları ile, medyayla ve özel sektörle işbirliği yapılması.

Sözleşmenin Koruma Hususundaki Talepleri: Tüm tedbirler içinde, mağdurların ihtiyaçlarına ve güven içinde olmalarına en büyük önemin verilmesinin sağlanması. Aynı zamanda mağdurlara ve çocuklarına psikolojik ve hukuki danışmanlığın yanı sıra tıbbi yardım da sağlayan özelleşmiş destek hizmetlerinin düzenlenmesi. Ek olarak yeterli sayıda sığınma evinin tahsis edilmesi ve günün her saati kullanılabilecek ücretsiz telefon yardım hatları sağlanması.

Sözleşmenin Yargılama Hususundaki Talepleri: Kadınlara yönelik şiddetin suç sayılmasının ve gerekli cezaların verilmesinin sağlanması. Gelenek, töre, din, yada “namus” gerekçelerinin, herhangi bir şiddet eyleminin bahanesi olarak kabul edilmemesinin sağlanması. Buna ek olarak soruşturma ve yargılama sürecinde mağdurların özel koruma tedbirlerinden yararlanmalarının sağlanması. Ayrıca, kolluk kuvvetlerinin yardım isteyenlere anında yardıma gidebilmelerinin ve tehlikeli durumlara yetkinlikle müdahale etmelerinin sağlanması.

Sözleşmenin Kapsayıcı Politikalar Hususundaki Talepleri: Belirtilen tüm tedbirlerin kapsamlı ve koordineli politikaların bir parçası olmasının sağlanması.Aynı zamanda kadına karşı şiddete karşı kapsayıcı bir mukabelede bulunulmasının temin edilmesi.

Sözleşmenin Kapsadığı Suçlar Nelerdir?

Sözleşme, taraf devletlere; ”ev içi şiddet (fiziksel, cinsel, psikolojik veya ekonomik), taciz amaçlı takip, tecavüz dahil, cinsel şiddet, cinsel taciz, zorla evlendirme, kadınların sünnet edilmesi, kürtaja zorlama ve kısırlaştırmaya zorlama’’ davranışlarına yönelik cezai veya başka bir hukuki yaptırım öngörmeyi zorunlu kılmaktadır.

 

 

 

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