hafter

Hafter, 40 yıldan fazla süredir iktidarda olan Kaddafi’nin Arap baharına kapılıp öldürülmesi ile başlayan süreçte Libya’nın kaderini değiştiren kilit isimlerden biridir. Kara kıta Afrika’nın doğal kaynaklar açısından en varlıklı ülkesi olan Libya, 2011 yılından beri iç savaş sebebiyle kendini toparlamakta zorluk çekmektedir.

Arap baharı ile iktidardan indirilip öldürülen Muammer Kaddafi’nin de çok yakın bir arkadaşı olan Hafter, Kaddafi ile askeri akademide tanıştıktan sonra uzun yıllar onun yanında yer aldı. Ayrıca, Kaddafi’nin 1969 yılında Kral İdris’i devirip ülkenin başına geçtiği süreçte de önemli bir role sahipti. Kaddafi döneminde Genelkurmay Başkanlığına kadar yükselen Hafter, Libya ve Çad arasındaki sınır savaşlarında askerleri ile birlikte esir düştü. Sonrasında ise Kaddafi ile olan arkadaşlıklarında sorunlar başladı. Ama asıl ayrılma, Hafter’in kendi izni olmadan operasyon yürüttüğünü ve barış görüşmeleri esnasında Hafter’in iadesini çok da istemediğini dile getiren Kaddafi’nin açıklamalarından sonra oldu.

Hafter Geri Dönüyor..

Hafter emrindeki 300 askeri ile birlikte Amerika’ya iltica etti. Kaddafi’nin öldürülmesi ile birlikte Libya’ya geri dönen Hafter,  ülkedeki otorite boşluğundan yararlanarak darbe girişiminde bulundu. Başkent Trablus hükümetine karşı kendi meclisini kurdu ve milis güçleri etrafında toplandı. Aynı zamanda Avrupa’nın önde gelen ülkelerinin de desteğini alarak başkent Trablus’a kadar işgalini ilerletti.

hafter

Bütün bunların sonucunda Ulusal Mutabakat Hükümeti kontrolünü kaybediyordu. İşte tam bu sırada devreye Türkiye girdi. Hafter’in Sirte’yi ele geçirmesi ile birlikte Türkiye ve Rusya ateşkes çağrısında bulundu ve ardından Moskova’da görüşmelere başlandı. Fakat Hafter, anlaşma masasında Türkiye’nin de bulunması sebebiyle ateşkesi reddedetti. Ardından çatışmalara devam edeceği yönünde açıklamalarda bulundu.

Büyük Mücadele..

Türkiye’nin bu bölgede verdiği mücadelenin en temel sebebi, Akdeniz’de devam eden devletler arası yarış. Avrupalı Devletler’in, Doğu Akdeniz’de Türkiye’yi işlevsiz ve bölgedeki zengin doğal kaynaklardan mahrum bırakmak istemesi Türkiye’yi bu konunun içine çekiyor. Ayrıca  bölgenin bir diğer ülkesi olan Libya’nın da bu bölgede söz hakkının bulunması, Türkiye’nin Libya’nın meşru hükümetine karşı destek vermesine neden oluyor. Bu konjonktüre göre ülke içindeki birliğin sağlanmasına, ardından zaten akrabalık bağlarının bulunduğu bu ülke ile işbirliğinin oluşmasına alt yapı oluşturuluyor.

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