çernobil felaketi

‘’Erime ihtimali 10 bin yılda bir. Santral, güvenlik sistemlerinin çökmesi halinde muhafaza edilecek güvenilir ve sağlam kontrollerden geçiyor.” (Ukrayna Enerji Bakanı Vitali Sklyarov , Sovyet Yaşam adlı dergide nükleer güç istasyonlarını anlatıyor.) Çernobil patlaması, hatta nükleer güç tarihinin en korkunç felaketi güç istasyonunun rutin bir kontrolü ile başladı. 26 Nisan 1986 tarihinde gece teknisyenleri Çernobil’in 4 numaralı reaktöründe, güç ayarlama sistemini kapattı ve kontrol çubuklarını çekirdeğinden kaldırdı.

çernobil felaketi

Bu kontrolsüz hareket üzerine reaktör fazla ısındı ve birkaç patlamaya sebep olan bir güç kaynağı yaşadı.Tüm bunlar 01.23 sularında büyük bir patlamaya yol açtı.Reaktörün çelik ve betondan yapılma kapağı kurtulmuş olsa da  bütün istasyon ateş aldı ve kısmi bir erime başladı.Yüksek oranda radyoaktif artık yüklü duman bulutu, atmosfere kadar yükselerek kuzeye doğru yöneldi.

çernobil felaketi

Nükleer kalıntı birkaç gün içinde Avrupa’nın birçok bölgesine çoktan ulaşmıştı. Sovyetler Birliği bu işin üstünü örtmeye çalışsa da kalıntıyı kaydeden İskandinav gözlem istasyonunu hesaba katmamıştı.İstasyon, ne olduğunu bilmek istiyordu. 28 Nisan’da Sovyet hükümet, Çernobil’de bir patlama olduğunu sonunda itiraf etti.Bu itiraftan sonra Avrupa’da büyük bir tepki doğdu.

Felaketin Sonuçları

Pripyat’a yakın şehirlerde yaşayan birçok kişi güç istasyonundan yükselen dumanı ve itfaiyenin alevleri boşa giden çabalarla söndürmeye çalıştıklarını görmüşlerdi. Pripyat sakinleri, ertesi gün hiçbir şey olmamış gibi günlük hayatlarına devam ettiler ve kimse tehlikenin farkında değildi.Patlamanın ardından tahliye kararı alınması tam olarak 36 saat sürdü. Pripyatlılara ve yakın civarlarda yaşayan insanlara evlerinden, birkaç eşyalarını alıp, evcil hayvanlarını da evlerinde bırakarak 3 günlüğüne uzaklaşmaları söylendi.

çernobil felaketi

Kısa süre sonra geri geleceklerini düşünseler de çok sayıda insan eve dönemedi.Bugün Pripyat, maruz kaldığı bu felaketin sonucunda mecburi terk edilişinden dolayı ‘’Hayalet Şehir’’ olarak bilinir. Çernobil’in ilk etkileri yüzünden 31 kişi 3 ay gibi kısa bir sürede hayatını kaybetti. Ve maalesef radyoaktif artığın asıl kalıntıları hâlâ bilinmiyor.

Olumlu tahminler,  Çernobil’in sebep olduğu kanserden ve sebep olduğu diğer hastalıklardan ölen kişi sayısının 10 binlere ulaştığını belirtiyor. 4 numaralı Çernobil reaktörünün kalıntıları tam 1000 yıl boyunca radyoaktif olarak kalacağı veriler arasında.Yanlış yapılmış kontrol çalışmasının sonucunda binlerce insanın öldüğü bu olay, olumsuz etkisini hâlâ yitirmiş değildir.

Çernobil felaketi yazımızın sonuna geldik. okuduğunuz için teşekkürler…

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