adolf hitler
adolf hitler

Adolf Hitler tarafından tarih hakkında söylenmiş bir söz ile başlamak istiyorum.

”Öğretmenlerin pek çoğu tarih dersinin amacının sadece tarihleri ve olayları öğretmekten ibaret olduğunu sanıyorlar. Bir savaşın başlangıç veya bir mareşalin doğum, bir hükümdarın tahta geçiş tarihlerini bilmek hiç önemli değildir.Tarih okumak, tarihsel olayları doğuran ve gerektiren sebepleri öğrenmek ve araştırmaktır. Okumadaki esas ustalık şuradadır: Esaslı olanı saklamak, ayrıntıları ise unutmak.” (1) – Adolf Hitler –

BİR SİYASİ LİDER OLARAK HİTLER

Zevkleri, onu memur olan babasının hayatına benzer bir hayata itmiyordu. Konuşma yeteneği, çocukluk arkadaşlarına verdiği ikna edici ve daha doğrusu kandırıcı söylevlerle oluşmaya başladı. Küçük yaşlarında kendi kendini zor idare edebilen küçük bir liderlik vasfı vardı. Babasının memur ol ısrarlarına ilk başta mimar olma isteğiyle direndi fakat akademi sınavında başarılı olamayınca daha sonra siyasete yöneldi. Gençliğinde Sosyal Demokrasi hakkındaki bilgisi çok azdı ve tamamen yanlıştı. Sosyal Demokrasi’nin gizli oy usulü için yaptığı mücadele onu memnun ediyordu. Çünkü bu usul ile tiksindiği, sevmediği Habsburglar rejiminin çökeceğini tahmin ediyordu.

SİYASİ FİKİRLERİ OLUŞMAYA BAŞLIYOR..

adolf hitler

Sosyal Demokratlarla ilk münasebeti, bir şantiyede oldu.Bu karşılaşmayı şöyle açıklıyordu:” Açlıktan ölmemek için iş arıyordum. Geleceğimden endişe ediyordum. Bu yüzden de çevremle ilgilenmiyordum. Fakat bir olay beni bu tarafa sürükledi: Bana sendikaya kayıt olmamı emrettiler. O zamanlar sendikalar hakkında bir bilgi sahibi değildim. Sendikaların işçilere faydası veya zararı hakkında bir fikrim yoktu. Fakat, kesin olarak sendikaya girmem emredilince, bu konuda bir bilgim olmadığını ve özellikle ne olursa olsun, hiçbir şeye bağlanmak istemediğimi belirterek daveti reddettim.

YAHUDİ DÜŞMANLIĞI BAŞLIYOR..

hitler

Adolf Hitler, Sosyal Demokrasi’nin gizli amacının, ancak Yahudilerin ne olduklarını bilmekle anlaşılacağını düşünüyordu. Bunu şu şekilde açıklıyordu: Yahudileri tanımakla bizi kendine körü körüne bağlayan bu partinin toplumsal fikri deşildiğinde Marksizm’in çirkin ve korkunç bir şekilde gerilmiş yüzü ortaya çıkacaktı. Yahudi kelimesinin bende ilk defa olarak özel birtakım fikirler uyandırması, hangi çağda meydana geldiğini kestirmem pek imkansız değilse de, biraz zor olacaktır.

Babamın sağlığında bu kelimenin evimizde telaffuz edildiğini hiç hatırlamıyorum. Galiba benim için pek saygıdeğer olan babam, bu kelimeyi özel bir şekilde telaffuz eden kimseleri geri kafalı adamlar kabul edecekti. O hayatı boyunca az çok bir kozmopolitliğe eğilim göstermişti. Bu eğilim onun gayet sağlam olan milli kanaatlerine rağmen düşüncelerine hakim olmaktan başka, benim üzerimde dahi iz bırakmıştı. Okul sırasında hiçbir şey beni, ailemden aldığım fikirleri değiştirmeye zorlamadı.

ırkçılık

Yahudi meselesi ile karşılaşmamdaki şekil bana pek hoş gelmedi. Ben o sıralarda Yahudi’yi sadece başka bir dine mensup bir kimse olarak kabul ediyordum. Dini çekişmelerden ve dini inanışlardan çıkan her türlü düşmanlığı, hoşgörü ve insaniyet adına daima kınamaktan da kendimi alamıyordum. Bu arada Viyana’nın Yahudi aleyhtarı basının tutumu da bana medeni bir milletin örf ve geleneklerine yakışmaz gibi geliyordu.”(7)

Yahudi aleyhtarlığını pek tasvip etmeyen Hitler yazılanların arasında bazı kere öyle deliller tespit ediyordu ki, bunlar onu düşünceye sevk ediyorlardı. Belki de o günlerde Viyana’nın kaderine hakim olan şahsı ve partiyi işte bu hava içinde tanıdı. Bu adam Dr. Kari Lueger, parti de Hıristiyan Sosyal Parti idi. Viyana’ya geldiği günlerde bunlara karşıydı. Ona göre Dr. Kari Lueger ve parti, gericiydiler. Fakat sonunda, hem o şahsı hem de eserini tanımak fırsatını eline geçirince bu hükmünü değiştirdi.

Hatta döneminde şöyle diyordu: ” Bugün bile Dr. Kari Lueger’i bütün devirlerin en yüksek Alman belediye başkanı kabul ediyorum.”(8) Hıristiyan Sosyal hareket karşısındaki kanaatlerinin değişmesi ile, kafasında ne kadar batıl düşünceler varsa hepsi bir anda yok oluverdi. Yahudi aleyhtarlığı hususundaki kanaati de zamanla değişti.

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